Facts About Illinois
Facts About IllinoisState Flag:
State Motto: State Sovereignty, National Union
State Capital: Springfield
State Abbreviation: IL
State Name of Residents: Illinoisan
Date it Entered the Union: December 3, 1818; became the 21st state of the United States;
State Size: 57,918 square miles; the 25th biggest state of the United States
State Song: "Illinois"
State Nick Name: Prairie State
State Tree: White oak (Quercus alba )
State Flower: Illinois Native (purple) Violet
State Grass: Big bluestem
State Mammal: White-tailed deer
State Bird: Cardinal
State Fish: Bluegill
State Insect: Monarch Butterfly
State Gem Mineral: Fluorite
State Official Fossil: Tully Monster (Tullimonstrum gregarium)
State Major Rivers: Mississippi River, Ohio River, Illinois River, Wabash River
State Major Lakes: Lake Michigan, Rend Lake
State Highest Point: Charles Mound - 1,235 feet (376 m) above sea level
State Bordering States: Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Iowa, Wisconsin
State Bordering Country: None
State Bordering Body of Water: Lake Michigan
State Name Origin: Illinois comes from the word Illini, a confederation of the Cahokia, Kaskaskia, Michigamea, Moingwena, Peoria and Tamaroa Indian tribes.
State Largest City: Chicago
State Largest Cities:
* Chicago * Aurora *Rockford * Naperville * Joliet * Springfield * North Peoria * Peoria * Elgin * Waukegan *
State Number of Counties: 102
Counties of Illinois
Illinois County Map
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