Facts About Illinois

Facts About Illinois

  • State Flag:

  • State Motto: State Sovereignty, National Union

  • State Capital: Springfield

  • State Abbreviation: IL

  • State Name of Residents: Illinoisan

  • Date it Entered the Union: December 3, 1818; became the 21st state of the United States;

  • State Size: 57,918 square miles; the 25th biggest state of the United States

  • State Song: "Illinois"

  • State Nick Name: Prairie State

  • State Tree: White oak (Quercus alba )

  • State Flower: Illinois Native (purple) Violet

  • State Grass: Big bluestem

  • State Mammal: White-tailed deer

  • State Bird: Cardinal

  • State Fish: Bluegill

  • State Insect: Monarch Butterfly

  • State Gem Mineral: Fluorite

  • State Official Fossil: Tully Monster (Tullimonstrum gregarium)

  • State Major Rivers: Mississippi River, Ohio River, Illinois River, Wabash River

  • State Major Lakes: Lake Michigan, Rend Lake

  • State Highest Point: Charles Mound - 1,235 feet (376 m) above sea level

  • State Bordering States: Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Iowa, Wisconsin

  • State Bordering Country: None

  • State Bordering Body of Water: Lake Michigan

  • State Name Origin: Illinois comes from the word Illini, a confederation of the Cahokia, Kaskaskia, Michigamea, Moingwena, Peoria and Tamaroa Indian tribes.

  • State Largest City: Chicago

  • State Largest Cities:
    * Chicago * Aurora *Rockford * Naperville * Joliet * Springfield * North Peoria * Peoria * Elgin * Waukegan *
    State Number of Counties: 102

  • Counties of Illinois

  • Illinois County Map

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