Facts About Idaho

Facts About Idaho

  • State Flag:

  • State Motto: "Esto perpetua" - May it Endure Forever

  • State Capital: Boise

  • State Abbreviation: ID

  • State Name of Residents: Idahoans

  • Date State Entered the Union: July 3, 1890; became the 43rd of the United States

  • State Size: 83,574 square miles; 14th biggest state of the Uninted States

  • State Song: Here We Have Idaho

  • State Official Dance: Square dance

  • State Nick Name: Gem State

  • State Tree: Western white pine (Pinus monticola)

  • State Flower: Syringa (Philadelphus lewisii)

  • State Horse: Appaloosa

  • State Bird: Mountain Bluebird (Sialia arctcia)

  • State Fish: Cutthroat trout

  • State Insect: Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)

  • State Gem Stone: Idaho Star Garnet

  • State Fossil: Hagerman horse fossil (Equus simplicidens)

  • State Soil: Threebear (unofficial)

  • State Major Rivers: Snake River, Coeur d'Alene River, St. Joe River, St. Maries River, Kootenai River

  • State Major Lakes: Lake Pend Oreille, American Falls Reservoir, Bear Lake, Coeur d'Alene Lake

  • State Highest Point: Snake River at Lewiston - 770 feet (235 m) above sea level

  • State Bordering States: Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming

  • State Bordering Country: Canada

  • State Bordering Body of Water: None

  • State Name Origin: Unknown

  • State Largest City: Boise

  • State Largest Cities:
    * Nampa * Idaho Falls * Pocatello * Meridian * Twin Falls * Coeur d'Alene * Caldwell * Lewiston Orchards * Lewiston *

  • State Number of Counties: 44

  • Counties of Idaho

  • Idaho County Map

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