New Mexico Facts

New Mexico Facts

New Mexico is one of the 50 states of the United States of America. It became the 47th state when it entered the Union on January 6, 1912.

More Facts about New Mexico:

  • State Flag: It became official from a competition in 1920

  • State Motto: "Crescit eundo" - It grows as it goes

  • State Capital: Santa Fe

  • State Abbreviation: NM

  • State Name of Residents: New Mexicans

  • Date State Entered the Union: January 6, 1912. It became the 47th state.

  • State Size: 121,593 square miles. The 5th largest state.

  • State Colors: Red and yellow

  • State Song: O, Fair New Mexico

  • State Nick Name: Land of Enchantment

  • State Tree: Pinon (Pinus edulis)

  • State Flower: Yucca

  • State Grass: Blue gramma grass

  • State Vegetables: Chile and frijoles

  • State Mammal: Black bear

  • State Bird: Roadrunner

  • State Fish: New Mexico cutthroat trout

  • State Insect: Tarantula hawk wasp

  • State Dinosaur: Coelophysis which is a meat-eating dinosaur.

  • State Gem Stone: Turquoise

  • State Soil: Penistaja (unofficial)

  • State Cookie: Bizcochito (also called biscochito)

  • State Major Rivers: Rio Grande, Pecos River

  • State Major Lakes: Elephant Butte Reservoir, Conchas Lake, Navajo Reservoir

  • State Highest Point: Wheeler Peak - 13,161 feet (4,011 m) above sea level

  • Bordering States: Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah

  • State Bordering Country: Mexico

  • State Name Origin: Named by the Spanish, in reference to Mexico

  • State Largest City: Albuquerque

  • State Other Largest Cities: Albuquerque, Las Cruces, Santa Fe, Rio Rancho, Roswell, Farmington, South Valley, Alamogordo, Clovis, Hobbs

  • State Number of Counties: 33

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