Facts About California

Facts About California

California is one of the 50 states of the United States of America. The state of California is the 3rd largest state covering an area of 163,707 square miles. The capital city of California is Sacramento and its largest city is Los Angeles. California has borders with Oregon, Nevada, Arizona, the neighboring country of Mexico.

California became the 3rd stated of the United States when it entered the Union in Sept. 9, 1850.

  • Main Cities of California: Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Long Beach, Fresno, Sacramento, Oakland, Santa Ana, Anaheim. Also listed under California Largest Cities

  • Counties of California: 58

  • See California State Counties

  • Towns in California

    Here are more facts and symbols:

  • State Motto: Eureka which means "I have found it"

  • State Colors: Blue and gold

  • State Song: I Love You, California

  • State Nick Name: "Golden State"

  • California State Tree: California redwood

  • State Grass: Purple Needlegrass (Nassella pulchra)

  • California State Flower: Golden poppy

  • State Marine Mammal: Gray whale

  • State Marine Reptile: Desert tortoise

  • State Fish: Golden trout

  • State Marine Fish: Garibaldi

  • State Insect: California dogface butterfly

  • California State Bird: California valley quail (Lophortyx californica)

  • State Rock: Serpentinite

  • State Gem Stone: Benitoite

  • State Mineral: Gold

  • State Fossil: Smilodon fatalis (sabertooth tiger)

  • State Main Rivers: Sacramento River, Colorado River, San Joaquin River<

  • State Highest Point: Mt. Whitney; 14,494 feet

  • State Lowest Point: DeathValley; 282 feet below sea level; this is the lowest point in the Western Hemisphere.

  • State Name Origin: The name California comes from a mythical Spanish island called Califia.

  • California County Map

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