Facts About Russia

Facts About Russia

  • Location: Russia is located in North Asia and it is the largest country in the world.

  • Languages: The official language of Russia is Russian. Russia has many minority languages

  • Currency: Russian rubles (RUB)

  • Population: Russia has a population of 138,082,178 (July 2012 est.)

  • Land Size: Russia has an area of 17,098,242 square kilometers. 16,377,742 square kilometers is land and 720,500 square kilometers is water.

  • Capital: The capital of Russia Moscow

  • Borders: Russia has borders with the following countries: Azerbaijan 284 km, Belarus 959 km, China (southeast) 3,605 km, China (south) 40 km, Estonia 290 km, Finland 1,313 km, Georgia 723 km, Kazakhstan 6,846 km, North Korea 17.5 km, Latvia 292 km, Lithuania (Kaliningrad Oblast) 227 km, Mongolia 3,441 km, Norway 196 km, Poland (Kaliningrad Oblast) 432 km, Ukraine 1,576 km

  • Bordering Body of Water: Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean

  • Industries: coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; defense industries including radar, missile production, and advanced electronic components, shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts

  • Agriculture: The agriculture in Russia includes grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk

  • Land divisions: Russia has 46 provinces, 4 autonomous okrugs, 9 krays, 2 federal cities, and 1 autonomous oblast:
    Oblasts: Amur (Blagoveshchensk), Arkhangel'sk, Astrakhan', Belgorod, Bryansk, Chelyabinsk, Irkutsk, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kemerovo, Kirov, Kostroma, Kurgan, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Magadan, Moscow, Murmansk, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Orenburg, Orel, Penza, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan', Sakhalin (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk), Samara, Saratov, Smolensk, Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg), Tambov, Tomsk, Tula, Tver', Tyumen', Ul'yanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl'
    Republics: Adygeya (Maykop), Altay (Gorno-Altaysk), Bashkortostan (Ufa), Buryatiya (Ulan-Ude), Chechnya (Groznyy), Chuvashiya (Cheboksary), Dagestan (Makhachkala), Ingushetiya (Magas), Kabardino-Balkariya (Nal'chik), Kalmykiya (Elista), Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (Cherkessk), Kareliya (Petrozavodsk), Khakasiya (Abakan), Komi (Syktyvkar), Mariy-El (Yoshkar-Ola), Mordoviya (Saransk), North Ossetia (Vladikavkaz), Sakha [Yakutiya] (Yakutsk), Tatarstan (Kazan'), Tyva (Kyzyl), Udmurtiya (Izhevsk)
    Autonomous okrugs: Chukotka (Anadyr'), Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk), Nenets (Nar'yan-Mar), Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard)Krays: Altay (Barnaul), Kamchatka (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy), Khabarovsk, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Perm', Primorskiy [Maritime] (Vladivostok), Stavropol', Zabaykal'sk (Chita)
    Federal cities: Moscow [Moskva], Saint Petersburg [Sankt-Peterburg]
    AutoAnomous Oblast: Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan)note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

  • Major Cities:
    Moscow (Moscow), Saint Petersburg (Sankt-Peterburg), Novosibirsk (Novosibirsk), Yekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk), Nizhniy Novgorod ( Nizjnij Novgorod), Samara (Samara), Omsk (Omsk), Kazan (Tatarstan), Rostov-na-Donu (Rostov), Chelyabinsk (Chelyabinsk Oblast)

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