Facts About China

Facts About China

  • Location: Asia

  • Language: These are the following languages spoken in China: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, and other minority languages

  • Currency: Renminbi yuan (RMB)

  • Population: The population of China is at 1,338,612,968 (July 2010 est.)

  • Land Size: 9,596,961 square kilometers of which 27,060 are water

  • Capital: Beijing

  • Borders:
    Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia (northeast), Russia (northwest), Tajikistan, Vietnam, regional borders: Hong Kong, Macau

  • Industries: mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites
    Agriculture: rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed; pork; fish

  • Land divisions:
    China has 23 provinces (sheng, singular and plural), 5 autonomous regions (zizhiqu, singular and plural), and 4 municipalities (shi, singular and plural)provinces: Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang; Taiwan. autonomous regions: Guangxi, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Xinjiang Uygur, Xizang (Tibet). municipalities: Beijing, Chongqing, Shanghai, Tianjinnote: China considers Taiwan its 23rd province.

  • Major Cities:
    Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Chongqing, Wuhan, Shenyang, Guangzhou, Harbin, Xian, Jiulong, Chengdu, Changchun, Nanjing, Taiyuan, Jinan, Dalian, qingdao, Fushun, Lanzhou, Xianggang.

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